The Coming of Global Christianity.
Roman Catholicism in Twentieth Century America as well as others. Summary of The Next Christendom The thesis of this book is explicitly stated on page xi of the Preface.
Jenkins sets out to show how the concept of modern Christianity is not found in America as many think. Rather, it is found primarily in what he calls the global South.
In essence, he argues, quite successfully, that we should step outside our preconceived notions of Christianity and look to other cultures in order to see how modern-day Christianity is impacting the world as we know it.
He defines Christendom as having supranational and antinational implications in that one is no longer an African as much as he is a Christian first and an African second. In order from most to least you have Europe millionLatin America millionAsia millionand finally North America million.
This ought to cause us to take a second look at how we believe about Christianity and the global community. He shows in the second chapter how Christianity is changing and impacting every culture where it is able to claim deep roots.
He argues that syncretism is a major reason why Christianity is so successful in Third World countries. He also shows how forced conversions to Christianity helped to spread the religion outside of Europe.
Whenever a Christian nation would conquer another nation, they would bring their religion with them. Another tactic he calls the Silk Strategy, was to bring the faith to the cultural elite and then allow it to filter down to the rest of the population.
In explaining the spread of Christianity today through missions work and missionaries, Jenkins believes that Christianity spreads effectively because it is perhaps the best worldview that is offered to the people.
He seems somewhat amazed by the willingness of the converts to die so violently for their new found faith in God. He also shows how Christianity becomes a political movement more than a religious movement. Central to his understanding of the spread of Christianity is the power and persuasiveness of Pentecostalism.
In his estimations, the Pentecostals are the most active with missions work and evangelism in the world. Jenkins successfully demonstrates how Christianity, as a political and economic movement is infiltrating the Third World.
It seems that the reasoning for this global expansion is more a matter of pragmatics than anything else. Jenkins successfully accomplished his goal of showing how Christianity is becoming a more globally south religion given his understanding of Christianity.
With that said, I believe his book fails at many levels to begin to understand what Christianity truly is. Quite often he makes statements about Christianity succeeding based upon its syncretism with other religions.
All throughout the book, Dr. Jenkins refers to Christianity as the means by which one can experience political and economic freedom. This is not the end by which the means is after.
Yes, it is true that as a by-product of Christianity, you are more likely to have financial freedom we call this stewardship and political peace we become citizens of heavenbut these should never be our ultimate goal in this world or the next.
They believe this but add so much more to who Christ is. This is also why he is able to exclude Jews and Muslims-they do not believe Jesus to be the Son of God.
However, his next sentence is what helped me to understand his extremely broad definition of Christianity used throughout the book. If Christianity is not a faith based upon essential doctrines that one must hold to in order to be a true Christian, then most everyone in this world is a Christian.
I believe it is safe to say that if one limits the definition of Christianity to a set of essential and foundational beliefs, Dr.
Jenkins thesis will not appear as striking as it does. When you include all who mention Jesus Christ in a positive manner in accordance with his definition given above, then it is no wonder the coming global Christianity is frightening with all of its syncretistic, political and economic benefits.The Next Christendom Homework Help Questions.
What were the two significant shifts that Jenkins observed in The Next Christendom? This is a great book with lots of evidence to back up the claims.
The Next Christendom begins with an elaboration of the thesis by challenging the myth that Christianity is actually declining and disappearing in the world.
It may seem like that in the western world, but soon enough, the center of Christianity is going to be Africa and Latin America (Location )/5(94). The Next Christendom The Coming of Global Christianity. Third Edition. Philip Jenkins.
The new edition will build on interest in and enthusiasm for previous editions. The Next Christendom begins with an elaboration of the thesis by challenging the myth that Christianity is actually declining and disappearing in the world.
It may seem like that in the western world, but soon enough, the center of Christianity is going to be Africa and Latin America (Location )/5(94). Philip Jenkins, The Next Christendom This is a book “out of the blue,” so to speak. Philip Jenkins is not well-known in mission circles.
As a professor in a secular university (University of Penn-sylvania), he would not be expected to be concerned with the global advance of Christianity, certainly not in the so-called mission lands.
Mar 31, · The Next Christendom is a book of incredible scope. And, this is an updated edition which changes content based on a decade or so of history. This is a major undertaking completed for a second time in one man's lifetime/5.