Essay on Social Welfare and Social Security! Social welfare is a very old concept. Its origin is in the spontaneous and neighbourly assistance extended to persons in distress. People used to help others in times of calamity and need—financial and physical.
An Essay on Hindu Ethics By Swami Nikhilananda Ethics forms the steel-frame foundation of the spiritual life Ethics, which concerns itself with the study of conduct, is derived, in Hinduism, from certain spiritual concepts; it forms the steel-frame foundation of the spiritual life.
Though right conduct is generally considered to belong to legalistic ethics, it has a spiritual value as well. Hindu ethics differs from modern scientific ethics, which is largely influenced by biology; for according to this latter, whatever is conducive to the continuous survival of a particular individual or species is good for it.
It also differs from utilitarian ethics, whose purpose is to secure the maximum utility for a society by eliminating friction and guaranteeing for its members a harmonious existence. Hindu ethics prescribes the disciplines for a spiritual life, which are to be observed consciously or unconsciously as long as man lives.
Hindu Ethics is Mainly Subjective or Personal Hindu ethics is mainly subjective or personal, its purpose being to eliminate such mental impurities as greed and egoism, for the ultimate attainment of the highest good.
Why Hindu ethics stresses the subjective or personal value of action will be discussed later. Objective ethics, which deals with social welfare, has also been considered by Hindu thinkers. Objective ethics, according to the Hindu view, is a means to an end, its purpose being to help the members of society to rid themselves of self-centredness, cruelty, greed, and other vices, and thus to create an environment helpful to the pursuit of the highest good, which transcends society.
Hinduism further speaks of certain universal ethical principles which apply to all human beings irrespective of their position in society or stage in life.
Social welfare The ethical doctrines of the Hindus are based upon the teachings of the Upanishads and of certain secondary scriptures, which derive their authority from the Vedas.
But though their emphasis is mainly subjective, the Upanishads do not deny the value of social ethics. For instance, we read: Without ethical restraint there follows social chaos, which is detrimental to the development of spiritual virtues.
According to the Upanishads, the gods, who are the custodians of society, place obstacles in the path of those who seek liberation from samsara, or the relative world, without previously discharging their social duties. As a person realizes the unreality of the world and the psycho-physical entity called the individual, his social duties gradually fall away; but they must not be forcibly given up.
If the scab is removed before the wound is healed, a new sore forms. Every normal person endowed with social consciousness has a threefold debt to discharge: The debt to the gods, who favour us with rain, sun, wind, and other natural amenities, is paid through worship and prayer.
The debt to the Rishis, from whom we inherit our spiritual culture, is paid through regular study of the scriptures. The debt to the ancestors, from whom we have received our physical bodies, is paid through the procreation of children, ensuring the preservation of the line.
With the blessings of the gods, the Rishis, and the ancestors, one can cheerfully practise disciplines for the realization of the highest good, in which all worldly values find fulfillment.
The observance of social ethics, in a large measure, preserved Hindu society when various outside forces threatened to destroy it. The neglect of social ethics, on the other hand, has undermined its vitality. How, by suitable ethical disciplines, the brutish man may become a decent man, a decent man an aristocrat, and the aristocrat a spiritual person, has been explained by a story in one of the Upanishads.
To them the Creator said: In human society there exists aristocrats, average men, and demoniacal men. The aristocrat, in spite of his education, refinement, generosity, and gentleness, may lack in self-control and go the excess in certain matters like eating, drinking, or gambling.
Hence he needs self-control to improve his character further.
The average man, in spite of his many human qualities, is often greedy; he wants to take what belongs to others. Liberality or charity is his discipline for self-improvement. The demoniacal person takes delight in treating others with cruelty and ruthlessness, which can be suppressed through the practice of compassion.
The origin of this system is found in the Vedas, though it later underwent much transformation in the hands of the Hindu lawgivers. The Bhagavad Gita says that the Lord Himself divided human beings into four groups, determined by their actions and virtues.This page introduces comparative social policy.
It discusses the welfare state in Britain, France, Sweden, Germany, the United States, the European Union and developing countries. It is part of 'An Introduction to Social Policy'. India Table of Contents Varna, Caste, and Other Divisions. Although many other nations are characterized by social inequality, perhaps nowhere else in the world has inequality been so elaborately constructed as in the Indian institution of caste.
Child welfare is a system of financial, medical, psychological, and social services for children and parents.
Such services—commonly provided by governments, international organizations, and private agencies—seek to ensure the safety and healthy development of children. The IELTS writing task 2 sample answer below has examiner comments and is band score 9.
The topic of social media is common and this IELTS essay question was reported in the IELTS test. Check the model essay and then read the comments. Many people believe that social networking sites (such as. Social Welfare Essay - Social Welfare is an encompassing and imprecise term, but most often it is defined in terms of “organized activities,” or another element that suggests policy and programs created to respond to social problems and improve the well being of those at risk.
The welfare state is a concept of government in which the state protects and promotes the economic and social well-being of the citizens, based upon the principles of equal opportunity, equitable distribution of wealth, and public responsibility for citizens unable to avail themselves of the minimal provisions for a good life.
The sociologist T. H. Marshall described the modern welfare state.