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Rural Adolescence Pregnancy Project. Sheps Center for Health Services Parental guidance. While teens who marry in response to pregnancy seem to have more difficulty than those who continue to live with their parents, a teen can also have trouble in her family's home.
When the teen's mother "takes over", the young woman's sense of herself as a parent is undermined. In contrast, the mother who models parenting skills while encouraging her daughter to assume the maternal role provides the most social support. Child welfare workers will Parental guidance to examine the dynamics between the teen mother and her family closely to understand whether a teen is truly a bad parent or whether her family is contributing to a sense of inadequacy.
Many assume that teens who become pregnant know the least about parenting. However, the literature reveals that pregnant and nonpregnant teens showed no difference in their knowledge of child rearing.
However, all teenagers know less about child rearing than older mothers. Another study, this time of married, rural teen parents, upheld the stereotype that teens are less nurturing and more negative and punitive in their interactions with their children.
However, no comparison was made to older parents living in the same area, leaving open the question of what is considered "normal" parenting in the study community. A second study comparing teen and older parents in the same community found no difference in attitudes between the two.
Child welfare workers, then, would be advised to consider community norms when thinking about a teen's child-rearing attitudes. One way to consider this factor is to ask: In terms of actual behavior with their children, the authors noted that while young mothers do not appear as equipped as older mothers to provide an environment that enhances their infant's cognitive development i.
Indeed, the children of teen mothers were well within normal developmental limits when studied at eight months of age.
This finding came from a study hypothesizing that children of teen parents would have notable developmental delays. When the potential for abuse was examined, studies cited by Buchholz and Korn-Bursztyn indicated that teens are more likely to be reported for maltreatment in cases that become "unsubstantiated.
When cases are substantiated, neglect is cited more often than abuse. One of the most alarming findings noted by Buchholz and Korn-Bursztyn was the high rate of depression and stress in teen mothers. One study found their suicide rate to be seven times that of non-mothers.
The difficulty of competing developmental crises--adolescent transition, child bearing, and possibly marriage or leaving home--leave the teen mother open to significant life stress that can impinge on her parenting ability.
And at any age, depression and stress can predispose a parent to neglect or abuse a child. This finding indicates that a teen parent's complaints of depression and stress should be taken extremely seriously.
If the teen does not volunteer information about feelings of depression, ask questions such as "How does the stress you're feeling now compare to other difficult times in your life? Rather, societal disapproval of teenage child bearing has reduced the social supports once available.
Therefore, intervention should focus on increasing the number and quality of social supports and on maintaining an awareness of the stress and depression that threaten teen mothers. Children of adolescent mothers: Are they at risk for abuse? Adolescence, 28 Should we discourage teen marriage? The Public Interest, FAQ How do I use Parental Guidance on a computer?
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Parents. Shared Parental Leave and Pay helps eligible parents to combine work with family life. Parents can share up to 50 weeks of leave and up to 37 weeks of pay and choose to take the leave and pay in a more flexible way (each parent can take up to 3 blocks of leave, more if their employer allows, interspersed with periods of work).
Source: Rural Adolescence Pregnancy Project. ().
Unpublished data. Chapel Hill, NC: Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research.