January Since the s, economic inequality in the US has increased dramatically. And in particular, the rich have gotten a lot richer.
The social stratification systems come in many different ways and forms.
For example, Essay on inequality in society, castes, social class, race, and gender are just some of the issues that are affected by stratification.
This essay will particularly focus on the issue of stratification by gender, or in other words, gender inequality. Scott and Schwartz, When the issue is approached, it is evident that the majority of the women are the oppressed as in turn the men being the oppressor.
This idea of the oppressed vs. For example, in the Bible, God had caught Adam and Eve eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, which was forbidden. Your desire will be for you husband, and he will rule over you.
Around the mid-nineteenth century until nowadays, three beliefs about women and men have prevailed as part of biology or evolution.
Considering these three beliefs, women experience gender inequality in different environments, stereotypes, and occupations.
For example, women are stereotyped to be only a stay at home wife and to be in an environment where they are responsible for cleaning the house, cooking dinner, and taking care of the children. Nowadays, there are more women known to have jobs and not a stay at home wife, but yet they are still responsible, or show some responsibility for cleaning the house, cooking dinner, and taking care of the children.
As for occupations among women, they experience the limitations of the occupations available. Women also experience less pay or earnings, and the devaluation of their work by society.
An article, Social Class and Gender, written by Nancy Andes, expresses occupational stratification by gender inequality through the comparison of three theoretical frameworks or perspectives.
The first theoretical framework is the sex segregation model, which is where sex is the only characteristic that affects the placement of a worker into a profession or occupation.
The third theoretical framework that is used is the integrated gendered social class model, which is where gender and class perform together that affect the positioning of women and or men in the labor force. After Andes introduces the three theoretical frameworks, she explains each frameworks or approaches in depth, in relation to a table that expresses the earnings and occupations of men and women.
The source of the table, or known as empirical evidence, is taken from the UC Bureau of the Census in The table expressed many different types of employment in the labor force.
By comparing the annual earnings between men and women, the table illustrates that the men made, give and take, 10, dollars more than the women. The numbers in the table suggest that differences in the labor market are valid, under the conditions of class position and segregation. After introducing the three theoretical frameworks and the empirical evidence, Andes illustrates many of her goals through this analysis.
But her main ultimate goal is to find which theoretical perspective or framework is best supported by empirical evidence.
In order for this analysis to happen, different data and methods were conducted, gathered, analyzed, and compared. The data that are used are from the General Social Survey combined across nine survey years.
Currently employed workers over the age of eighteen are selected, 3, women and 4, men are surveyed. The results of this method are expressed through four tables.
The first table illustrates the description of 12 social classes by occupational attributes, with the 12 social classes ranging from self-employed or autonomous professional being class one to a class of unionized operatives and laborers being class twelve.
The second table illustrates the gender distribution in each of the 12 social class structures. The third table demonstrates the distribution of both gender into account and shows the proportion of women to men in each class.
In this table, women are more likely to be found as clerical workers, sales clerks, cleaning, and food service workers class 9and routine clerical and supervised technical and service workers class On the contrast, women are least likely to be found as managers, administrator, and self-employed construction contractors class 4and unionized skilled industrial workers class This table implies that women are not distributed across all social classes in equal proportion to their overall labor force participation.
Table four illustrates the classification rates of discriminant analysis with the results for the separate male and female samples. When comparing the tables from each other, many conclusions and implications were made. But before we interpret the conclusions, one must understand the difference between sex and gender.
The results also obviously illustrate that gender, not sex alone, but integrated gendered class attributes are a significant characteristic because there are different proportions of women and men in each class. In conclusion, it is the integrated gendered class perspective or approach that is supported by empirical evidence.
Besides the article expressing its analysis on gender inequality, there are many theorists and or scholars from other sociological perspectives that address themselves.Learn about social inequality which results from a society organized by hierarchies of class, race, and gender that broker access to resources and rights.
The Sociology of Social Inequality. Search the site GO. Social Sciences. Sociology Introduction to Sociology Key Theoretical Concepts Major Sociologists. Economic Inequality: It’s Far Worse Than You Think it was meant to criticize a society ruled by the talent elite.
“It is good sense to . The concept of human equality has a history and an application in the era of the Society. Both are discussed. It is concluded that all earlier uses of the concept were flawed or mistaken in that it is difference, rather than equality, that is the essential unifying characteristic of humankind.
Inequality is an unequal rewards or opportunities for different individuals within a group or groups within a society. Education is recognised as major social institution. However, inequality in education is linked to major problems in society. Free Essay: The search for equality between men and women is fuelling a never ending war between genders.
There are still doubts that women are not equal to. Gender Inequality Essay Gender Inequality The issue of gender inequality is one which has been publicly reverberating through society for decades.