Introduction Before beginning your paper, you need to decide how you plan to design the study. The research design refers to the overall strategy that you choose to integrate the different components of the study in a coherent and logical way, thereby, ensuring you will effectively address the research problem; it constitutes the blueprint for the collection, measurement, and analysis of data.
Personal mall or street intercept survey Hybrids of the above. Research designs[ edit ] There are several different designs, or overall structures, that can be used in survey research. The three general types are cross-sectional, successive independent samples, and longitudinal studies.
Successive independent samples studies[ edit ] A successive independent samples design draws multiple random samples from a population at one or more times. Such studies cannot, therefore, identify the causes of change over time necessarily.
For successive independent samples designs to be effective, the samples must be drawn from the same population, and must be equally representative of it.
If the samples are not comparable, the changes between samples may be due to demographic characteristics rather than time. In addition, the questions must be asked in the same way so that responses can be compared directly.
Longitudinal studies[ edit ] Longitudinal studies take measure of the same random sample at multiple time points. Longitudinal studies are the easiest way to assess the effect of a naturally occurring event, such as divorce that cannot be tested experimentally.
However, longitudinal studies are both expensive and difficult to do. This attrition of participants is not random, so samples can become less representative with successive assessments. To account for this, a researcher can compare the respondents who left the survey to those that did not, to see if they are statistically different populations.
Respondents may also try to be self-consistent in spite of changes to survey answers. A basic questionaire in Thai language Questionnaires are the most commonly used tool in survey research. However, the results of a particular survey are worthless if the questionnaire is written inadequately.
Nonresponse reduction[ edit ] The following ways have been recommended for reducing nonresponse  in telephone and face-to-face surveys: A short letter is sent in advance to inform the sampled respondents about the upcoming survey.
The style of the letter should be personalized but not overdone.
First, it announces that a phone call will be made, or an interviewer wants to make an appointment to do the survey face-to-face. Second, the research topic will be described.
Last, it allows both an expression of the surveyor's appreciation of cooperation and an opening to ask questions on the survey. The interviewers are thoroughly trained in how to ask respondents questions, how to work with computers and making schedules for callbacks to respondents who were not reached.84 CHAPTER 3 Research design, research method and population INTRODUCTION Chapter 3 outlines the research design, the research method, the population under study, the sampling.
Home». Table of Contents. Home; Table of Contents; Navigating. Yin-Yang Map; The Road Map; Foundations. Language Of Research. Survey Study Defined. The survey is a method for collecting information or data as reported by individuals. Surveys are questionnaires (or a series of questions) that are administered to research.
Marketing Research. Managers need information in order to introduce products and services that create value in the mind of the customer. But the perception of value is a subjective one, and what customers value this year may be quite different from what they value next year. a descriptive, survey research study of the student characteristics influencing the four theoretical sources of.
Background Over the last two winters, there have been large-scale, unexplained losses of managed honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies in the United States.
In the absence of a known cause, this syndrome was named Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) because the main trait was a rapid loss of adult worker bees. We initiated a descriptive epizootiological study in order to better characterize CCD.