An introduction to the issue of drugs in society

Drug Abuse Essay Problem and Solution: Drug Abuse Essay Paragraph 1: Drug abuse is rife in many countries.

An introduction to the issue of drugs in society

Trying drugs may fulfill all of these normal developmental drives, but in an unhealthy way that can have very serious long-term consequences. The family environment is also important: Violence, physical or emotional abuse, mental illness, or drug use in the household increase the likelihood an adolescent will use drugs.

Mature brain regions at each developmental stage are indicated in blue. The prefrontal cortex red circleswhich governs judgment and self-control, is the last part of the brain to mature. The teenage years are a critical window of vulnerability to substance use disorders, because the brain is still developing and malleable a property known as neuroplasticityand some brain areas are less mature than others.

The parts of the brain that process feelings of reward and pain—crucial drivers of drug use—are the first to mature during childhood. What remains incompletely developed during the teen years are the prefrontal cortex and its connections to other brain regions.

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The prefrontal cortex is responsible for assessing situations, making sound decisions, and controlling our emotions and impulses; typically this circuitry is not mature until a person is in his or her mids see figure.

The adolescent brain is often likened to a car with a fully functioning gas pedal the reward system but weak brakes the prefrontal cortex. Teenagers are highly motivated to pursue pleasurable rewards and avoid pain, but their judgment and decision-making skills are still limited.

This affects their ability to weigh risks accurately and make sound decisions, including decisions about using drugs.

For these reasons, adolescents are a major target for prevention messages promoting healthy, drug-free behavior and giving young people encouragement and skills to avoid the temptations of experimenting with drugs. Drug use can be part of An introduction to the issue of drugs in society pattern of risky behavior including unsafe sex, driving while intoxicated, or other hazardous, unsupervised activities.

And in cases when a teen does develop a pattern of repeated use, it can pose serious social and health risks, including: Different drugs affect the brain differently, but a common factor is that they all raise the level of the chemical dopamine in brain circuits that control reward and pleasure.

The brain is wired to encourage life-sustaining and healthy activities through the release of dopamine. Everyday rewards during adolescence—such as hanging out with friends, listening to music, playing sports, and all the other highly motivating experiences for teenagers—cause the release of this chemical in moderate amounts.

This reinforces behaviors that contribute to learning, health, well-being, and the strengthening of social bonds. Despite popular belief, willpower alone is often insufficient to overcome an addiction.

An introduction to the issue of drugs in society

This creates an especially strong drive to repeat the experience. The immature brain, already struggling with balancing impulse and self-control, is more likely to take drugs again without adequately considering the consequences. The development of addiction is like a vicious cycle: This is why, despite popular belief, willpower alone is often insufficient to overcome an addiction.

Not all young people are equally at risk for developing an addiction. Various factors including inherited genetic predispositions and adverse experiences in early life make trying drugs and developing a substance use disorder more likely.

Exposure to stress such as emotional or physical abuse in childhood primes the brain to be sensitive to stress and seek relief from it throughout life; this greatly increases the likelihood of subsequent drug abuse and of starting drug use early.

Drug use at an early age is an important predictor of development of a substance use disorder later. The majority of those who have a substance use disorder started using before age 18 and developed their disorder by age Data collected in found that nearly 13 percent of those with a substance use disorder began using marijuana by the time they were These potentially lifelong consequences make addressing adolescent drug use an urgent matter.

Chronic marijuana use in adolescence, for example, has been shown to lead to a loss of IQ that is not recovered even if the individual quits using in adulthood. The serious health risks of drugs compound the need to get an adolescent who is abusing drugs into treatment as quickly as possible.

Also, adolescents who are abusing drugs are likely to have other issues such as mental health problems accompanying and possibly contributing to their substance use, and these also need to be addressed.

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Adolescents in treatment report abusing different substances than adult patients do. For example, many more people aged 12—17 received treatment for marijuana use than for alcohol use in When adolescents do drink alcohol, they are more likely than adults to binge drink defined as five or more drinks in a row on a single occasion.

Adolescents also may be less likely than adults to feel they need help or to seek treatment on their own. Given their shorter histories of using drugs as well as parental protectionadolescents may have experienced relatively few adverse consequences from their drug use; their incentive to change or engage in treatment may correspond to the number of such consequences they have experienced.

Only 10 percent of to year-olds needing substance abuse treatment actually receive any services. By far, the largest proportion of adolescents who receive treatment are referred by the juvenile justice system see figure.Most teens do not escalate from trying drugs to developing an addiction or other substance use disorder; # however, even experimenting with drugs is a problem.

Drug use can be part of a pattern of risky behavior including unsafe sex, driving while intoxicated, or other hazardous, unsupervised activities. Drug Free Society Introduction The topic of a drug free society and whether such can ever exist causes many reactions.

An introduction to the issue of drugs in society

Some may even ask why this is an important conversation? To begin this discussion it is worthwhile to look historically at why it has become such an issue in the United States.

Drugs in Our Society Essay Words | 6 Pages. Drugs in Our Society With the use of drugs being such a controversial issue in today’s society we felt as a group it . This special issue examines major structural, sociocultural, and behavioral issues surrounding substance use and misuse among US military personnel and veterans who served in recent military conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan.

This introduction provides a brief historical review of the US’s. The war on drugs is a cruel joke. The U.S.

Plain and simple, try as you might, you cannot escape the issues of alcohol and drugs. Nationwide, alcohol and drugs affect each and every one of us, directly or indirectly: in our homes, in our families, in our school, in our dorm, in our community, town or city. Drugs A Threat To Society. Classical Argument Drugs and the Society The use of drugs has been a major issue and concern for our government and society ever since they were created. There is an ongoing battle between the severity of marijuana and pills versus cocaine and heroine. Most teens do not escalate from trying drugs to developing an addiction or other substance use disorder; # however, even experimenting with drugs is a problem. Drug use can be part of a pattern of risky behavior including unsafe sex, driving while intoxicated, or other hazardous, unsupervised activities.

spends more than $50 billion a year on the "war on drugs" with the goal of creating a "drug-free society" – yet there has never been a “drug-free society” in the history of civilization.

Reports on the latest data on drug concerns provide further examination of alcohol and explore the abuse of additional substances such as "club drugs," inhalants, herbal stimulants, and designer drugs.

Problem and Solution: Drug Abuse Essay – leslutinsduphoenix.com