These utterings from the heavyweights in EU foreign policy circles can be seen as accurately reflecting the dilemma EU members are in due to the current disturbances in Iran.
Leonhardt van Efferink January — Tags: This interview with dr Julien Mercille addresses his views on US foreign policy towards Iran, an interpretation from a radical geopolitics perspective and his vision on policy changes under Barack Obama.
Questions and Answers Has the relationship between US and Iran since been cyclical or structurally bad? The Islamic revolution, which deposed the Shah, brought to power a theocratic regime that has ruled up to this day. This regime has been openly antagonist and challenging to the US.
For example, in the Iranians held captive Americans for days. The US responded to this defiance by attempting to isolate Iran from onwards, for instance through sanctions that have been progressively tightened over time. The current crisis began inwhen claims were made by an Iranian exile group in Washington DC that Iran was not in compliance with its obligations under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty NPTwhich regulates the use of nuclear energy globally.
Is there any chance that Iran is working secretly on a nuclear bomb?
Of course, sincethere have been some periods when relations were less bad in relative terms, or when attempts were made to engage Iran, but overall, the pattern is one of antagonism, with a gradual tightening of sanctions sincethe current ones under the nuclear crisis being the latest episode in this story.
How would you describe US foreign policy towards Iran from a radical geopolitics perspective? In a nutshell, radical geopolitics attempts to identify the causes of policy -in particular, US foreign policy since World War II- and sees political economy and geo economics as the drivers behind US foreign policy.
Yet, the significance of energy resources in shaping US foreign policy towards the Middle East is enormous. The geoeconomic logic refers to the ways in which the expansion of US business worldwide and American interest in controlling the world economy shape policy.
The geopolitical logic refers to the need for the US government to resist challenges to its hegemony worldwide through political decisions, or occasionally, through military intervention, as in Vietnam or perhaps Iran.
The US can also exert some leverage over the economies of allies if it controls their sources of energy. For instance, the US intervened in the Middle East in the early Cold War period to ensure that its oil would be diverted to Western Europe and Japan to fuel their recoveries along capitalist lines and to prevent the Soviet bloc from accessing the resources.
Again this is nothing new. Planning documents outlining the thinking of the current Bush administration have not been declassified, but the parallels are readily apparent, as noted by many analysts such as Zbigniew Brzezinski and Michael Klare.
Middle East oil now needs to be preserved for the Western world and denied to Eurasian powers such as China and Russia.
Furthermore, Americans rely increasingly on Middle Eastern oil and this dependence is projected to rise in the future, which adds to political interest in Iranian oil resources.
Again, this is not new. For instance, in the early s, Britain and the US backed a coup that removed Mosaddeq and brought the Shah back to power, who then proceeded with an agreement leaving effective control of oil in the hands of Western oil companies. As such, American officials have applied sanctions on Tehran and attempted to isolate the clerical regime internationally.
Presidential elections are scheduled for June in Iran so there could be a change in the attitude of the new government. Also, there is the issue of negotiations.Although the White House would love to coax an Iranian withdrawal, that is unlikely to happen. Zarif also used his platform to chide Trump over the unraveling of his anti-Iran agenda, including the crisis among Arab states of the Persian Gulf that flared up after Trump's visit to Saudi Arabia.
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Iran and the United States have had no formal diplomatic relations since Pakistan serves as Iran's protecting power in the United States, while Switzerland serves as America's protecting power in Iran.
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