Although the war was largely brought about by the efforts of U. Suddenly, near the turn of the 20th century, inhibitions collapsed and American power thrust its way to the far reaches of the Pacific. The occasion for that explosion of imperialism lay neither in the Pacific nor in the quest for bases and trade, but to the south in Cuba.
The war was fought largely over the independence of Cuba. Major battles took place in the Spanish colonies of Cuba and the Philippines. The war began on April 25, when the United States declared war on Spain. The fighting ended with a U.
They first fought the Ten Year's War between and InCuban rebels rose up again under the leadership of Jose Marti.
Many Americans supported the cause of the Cuban rebels and wanted the United States to intervene. On February 15,a huge explosion caused the Maine to sink in Havana Harbor.
Although no one was sure exactly what caused the explosion, many Americans blamed Spain. They wanted to go to war. The Philippines The first action of the United States was to attack Spanish battleships in the Philippines to prevent them from going to Cuba.
On May 1,the Battle of Manila Bay occurred. One group of volunteers included cowboys, ranchers, and outdoorsmen.
They earned the nickname the "Rough Riders" and were led by Theodore Rooseveltfuture president of the United States. One of the more famous battles was the Battle of San Juan Hill.
Finally, a group of soldiers led by the Rough Riders charged up nearby Kettle Hill and gained the advantage the U. Soldiers on the ground began a siege of the city while the U. Surrounded, the Spanish army in Santiago surrendered on July Results With the Spanish forces defeated, the two sides agreed to stop fighting on August 12, The formal peace treaty, the Treaty of Paris, was signed on December 19, Many historians and experts today don't think that the Spanish were involved with the sinking of the Maine.
Some American newspapers at the time used "yellow journalism" to sensationalize the war and the sinking of the Maine. They had little research or facts to back up their claims.
Although the "Rough Riders" were a cavalry unit, most of them didn't actually ride horses during the Battle of San Juan Hill. They had to fight on foot because their horses couldn't be transported to Cuba.
Today, it is the oldest overseas U. Activities Take a ten question quiz about this page. Listen to a recorded reading of this page: Your browser does not support the audio element.The Spanish-American War of ended Spain’s colonial empire in the Western Hemisphere and secured the position of the United States as a Pacific power.
U.S. victory in the war produced a peace treaty that compelled the Spanish to relinquish claims on Cuba, and to cede sovereignty over Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the United States.
Fought between April and August , the Spanish-American War was the result of American concern over Spanish treatment of Cuba, political pressures, and anger over the sinking of USS Maine. Though President William McKinley had wished to avoid war, American forces moved swiftly once it began.
The Battleship Maine. Photographic History of the Spanish American War, p. On April 25, the United States declared war on Spain following the sinking of the Battleship Maine in Havana harbor on February 15, The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris on December 10, The Spanish-American War, The Spanish-American War of ended Spain’s colonial empire in the Western Hemisphere and secured the position of the United States as a Pacific power.
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Prime Video. $ Watch with a Prime membership. Starring: Kathleen Kern. History >> US History before The Spanish American War was fought between the United States and Spain in The war was fought largely over the independence of Cuba.
Major battles took place in the Spanish colonies of Cuba and the Philippines. The war began on April 25, when the United States declared war on Spain.